Third generation technology, or 3G, is championed by the wireless industry as the next step of innovative cellular technology. It brings high-speed Internet and data transmission to cellular phones and increases data capacity for cellular phone applications. But a bottleneck exists in the United States that keeps a 3G roll out in the distant future — there is a shortage of available electromagnetic spectrum. Several obstacles block the wireless industry from acquiring the spectrum 3G requires, as a number of regulatory bodies shape spectrum’s availability based on supply and nature of proposed use. This paper seeks to identify the key players in spectrum allocation, the sources and means by which more spectrum can be made available and how an effective dynamic between government and private sectors can be constructed to identify spectrum that can be made available for 3G use. In light of other important spectrum users, including public safety users and the military, it will take a long term, forward-looking assessment of spectrum management to make 3G attainment possible. By marshalling relevant public and private sectors towards a thorough evaluation of all options to increase available spectrum, the U.S. wireless industry can mitigate the effects of the current spectrum shortage and, over time, bring third generation wireless technology to its market.
Full Article (PDF):Albert-Gonzalez-Spectrum-Scarcity.pdf